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  • Bruno Vellutini 12:49 on 2015/01/30 Permalink
    Tags: , , hedgehog, , , , , ,   

    In situ Novocrania and Terebratalia 


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    In situ using Nano longer probes to try to get a better signal to ratio. Also fgf8 probe, important for the brain boundary. I also need better hedgehog pictures, so I’m repeating the in situ with a new probe in Ttra and also trying to get a good early gastrula, bilateral gastrula e late larvae of engrailed.

    Nano wnt5 Nano smo2 Nano fgf8 Nano ptc1
    Ttra hh Ttra en late blastula / early gastrula Ttra en bilateral gastrula / late larva

    10 min ProtK for all. Incubated at 65 °C at 2000.

    31/01/2015

    Diluted probes to 1 ng/µL and added at 0800.

    02/02/2015

    First day of washes. Added anti-dig-ap at 1600.

    03/02/2015

    Washed off antibody with 3x 5min followed by 4x 15 min and 5x 30 min. Developed with nbt/bcip at 1600. All wells showed good signal/noise ratio. The worst is wnt5, but it is still better than the other in situ. I exchanged the AP for all wells at 1930 and stopped all except hedgehog and en bilateral (exchanged AP).

    04/02/2015

    Exchanged the AP for the two Terebratalia wells, I’ll let them develop longer.

    Stopped at 1500 and did ethanol washes. Let overnight in 70% glycerol.

    05/02/2015

    Mounting and pictures.

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 18:15 on 2015/01/27 Permalink
    Tags: , , hedgehog, , , , ,   

    Probe synthesis of Terebratalia and Novocrania 


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    Probe synthesis of some longer fragments for Novocrania in situ wnt5, smo, fgf8 and standard Terebratalia clones hh and en.

    SP6 ng/µL
    Na wnt5 BV352  1146.5
    Na smo2 BV354  906.7
    Na fgf8 BV355  964.2
    Tt hh BV129  1510.6
    Tt en TTR54  573.1

    Set probe PCR. Extracted.

    28/01/2015

    Ran gel and extracted.

    2015-01-30 11.05.52

    29/01/2015

    Set probe synthesis and precipitated.

    30/01/2015

    Finished probes.

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 18:48 on 2014/11/22 Permalink
    Tags: , hedgehog, , , , , , , ,   

    Terebratalia segmentation in situ 


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    In order to have more temporal resolution of engrailed I am adding one well per stage. In addition some segmentation related genes.

    en cleavage+blastula en radial gastrula en asym gastrula en bilateral gastrula en trilobed+early+late larva
    pax6 nk1a nk1b lmx1
     lfng runx hh

     25/11/14

    Washed probe out. Added antiDIG-AP antibody at 1700 and incubated overnight at 4 °C.

    26/11/14

    Washed antibody and started developing. Pax6 came up quite fast. I exchanged the solution after 1h and stopped after 2h. The remaining are slowly coming up, except asym and bilateral of engrailed. I used one tube of 0.8 ng/µL of probe and it must have been even lower concentration because the other 3 engrailed wells are coming up ok (same probe batch, but from another tube). Another issue is that there is not early gastrula like I wanted, they seem to be already have the differentiated lateral patches.

    Lunatic fringe and runx are not showing up. I exchanged AP from all wells except engrailed after 3h and then all wells before leaving at 4 °C overnight.

    27/11/14

    Same as yesterday with NK1s and lmx coming up nicely. Exchanged AP at 10:30.

    28/11/14

    Kept developing for 7h and stopped all wells. Nothing came up for lfng, runx or hedgehog.

    30/11/14

    Ethanol washes for all. Added 70% glycerol with 1:10000 sytox green in hedgehog well. I want to see if embryos turn red… If not I’ll check if it is better than DAPI for these regular in situs.

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 10:30 on 2013/06/25 Permalink
    Tags: , , hedgehog, , ,   


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    mamed2013_bcv

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 19:19 on 2012/11/13 Permalink
    Tags: hedgehog, , ,   


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    Took pictures of hedgehog and patched Terebratalia in situs. I think I covered the missing positions and stages.

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 15:22 on 2012/05/25 Permalink
    Tags: hedgehog, , , , , , , ,   

    In situ segmentation genes Terebratalia 


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    Starting an in situ for segmentation genes in Terebratalia and repeating the fluorescent in situ for Vasa and Nanos, trying to reduce the background. The plate looks like this:

    netrin patched hedgehog vasa
    smo2 nk2.2 nk5 nanos

    For vasa and nanos I will use a lower concentration of the antibody, 1:500 (last time it was 1:100) — effort to reduce background. For nanos I will also double the amount of probe to get a stronger signal.

    Samples put in prehybe at 17h:00.

    26/05/12

    Added regular probes at 1 ng/µL, except for nanos which was 2 ng/µL (trying to increase the signal/noise ratio for fluorescent in situ).

    28/05/12

    Washes. Added regular Anti-Dig/AP to segmentation genes (1:5000) and Anti-Dig/POD (1:250) to vasa and nanos (in an attempt to lower the background noise — used 1:100 previously).

    29/05/12

    Regular washes with PBT and PTw.

    30/05/12

    Started developing segmentation genes of Terebratalia at 11:30. For the fluorescent in situ I developed normally for 1h30 and then stopped the reaction with a detergent solution used by (10.1038/nature10838) to reduce the background; 3 washes of 20 min at 62 °C. The solution:

    [list of chemicals]

    I checked the slides in the fluorescent lamp and did not see any staining. It is also not so clear if there is less background. I guess I need to check in the confocal.

    The segmentation genes began to appear. Netrin is the strongest one and the pattern is interesting. I notice that the “ring” background might be covering the whole anterior of the pedicle lobe. Other genes are still weak to say something.

    Changed the AP substrate at 16:30 and let it developing at 4 °C.

    31/05/12

    Patterns are more clear today. Changed the substrate 3 times (10:15, 12:30, 16:00) and let it overnight at 4 °C. Crystal began to appear after lunch and are already covering the whole bottom of the well.

    01/06 – 04/06

    Stopped netrin, nk2.2, and nk5. Developed others until 04/06. Many crystals forming…

    Bibliography

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 12:03 on 2012/05/18 Permalink
    Tags: hedgehog, , , , , ,   

    Terebratalia in situ for germline genes (+Membranipora testing) 


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    First in situ using segmentation genes for Terebratalia transversa. The list is:

    Tt netrin BV110 SP6
    Tt patched BV115 SP6
    Tt hedgehog BV129 SP6
    Tt smoothened2 BV131 SP6
    Tt nk2.2 BV135 SP6
    Tt nk5 BV139 SP6
    Mm piwi1 BV94 SP6
    Mm gata123

    Put in prehybe at 19:45.

    19/05/12

    Probes for Terebratalia genes were no good, so changing to Vasa, Nanos and Piwi:

    Tt vasa
    Tt nanos
    Tt piwi
    Tt vasa (fluo)
    Tt nanos (fluo)
    Tt piwi (fluo)
    Mm piwi1
    Mm gata

    Put the probes and let hybridizing at hybe temp.

    21/05/12

    First day of washes. Added Anti-Dig/POD (1:100) to the 3 wells of vasa, nanos, and piwi and the regular Anti-Dig/AP for the remaining; 19h and let overnight at 4° C.

    22/05/12

    Washing and started developing the regular in situ in 5 wells overnight at 4 °C.

    23/05/12

    Changes in AP Substrate: 10:30, 12:00, 14:30

    AP is becoming purpleish quite rapidly; patterns are developing accordingly fast and as expected for Terebratalia genes. Membranipora Piwi1 shows no sign of staining (although it seems to be a bit pinkish) and GATA123 is appearing, although it is not easy to identify the pattern (or if it is similar to Andi’s in situ).

    At 11:00 I started washing and then developing the fluorescent in situ. Checking under the 4D room scope the embryos show staining, but it is hard to say if the in situ worked, yet. I need to look mount them and look in the scope.

    24/05/12

    Mounted fluorescent in situ samples after staining with DAPI (1:1000) and checked in the scope. Vasa is the strongest, but still a bit weak. So next time it is better to use more probe. Nanos is there, but barely visible and Piwi is difficult to say, since the expression is widespread. Made images in the confocal and the signal seems to be there, but there is a lot of background.

    Stopped Vasa regular in situ at 10:00 and changed the substrate for the others. Changed again at 13:30. Yellow crystals were present in the Membranipora wells. Changed at 16:30 and left overnight at 4 °C.

    25/05/12

    Stopped all wells and stored in 70% glycerol.

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 17:48 on 2012/05/15 Permalink
    Tags: , , hedgehog, , , , , , , ,   

    Probe synthesis for Terebratalia segmentation 


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    Beginning probe synthesis for:

    Tt netrin BV110 SP6
    Tt patched BV115 SP6
    Tt hedgehog BV129 SP6
    Tt smoothened2 BV131 SP6
    Tt nk2.2 BV135 SP6
    Tt nk5 BV139 SP6
    Mm ago2 BV25 SP6
    Mm mago nashi BV27 T7
    Mm germ cell less BV30 T7

    Run the PCR and letting overnight to extract tomorrow.

    16/05/12

    Ran gel and extracted the bands. Looking ok:

    18/05/12

    Started probe synthesis reaction at 10:40. Precipitated around 16h.

    19/05/12

    Terebratalia probes had no pellet (but in fact, I don’t know if I centrifuged it). Membranipora using SP6 had a small pellet and the two T7 ones had a huge pellet. Specs are:

    Gene ng/µL
    Mm Ago2 293.92
    Mm Magoh 3806.73
    Mm GMCL 3147.70

    Diluted to 50 ng/µL and stored at -20 °C.

    21/05/12

    Re-doing the transcription reaction for Terebratalia segmentation genes. Started at 11h, but only put at 37°C at 13h (my bad…). Precipitated at 17h30 using only 5 µL of Lithium Chloride. Could not see any pellet…

    22/05/12

    After centrifuging a thin pellet appeared in the bottom of the tubes. I used Low yield, but enough for making probes:

    Gene ng/µL
    Tt netrin 120.56
    Tt patched 174.64
    Tt hedgehog 120.93
    Tt smo2 107.95
    Tt nk2.2 211.83
    Tt nk5 221.16

    Diluted to 50 ng/µL and stored in the freezer.

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 12:59 on 2012/05/03 Permalink
    Tags: hedgehog, , , , , , ,   

    Cloning Tt Piwia, hh, Smo2, Nk2.2, NK5 and Mm Runx 


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    Half of the plates from this batch that I had not sequenced yet. Possibly contaminated with Wnts, so I’ll need to check the bands carefully.

    04/05/12

    Plasmid extraction and minipreps are ready for sequencing PCR.

    BV125 Terebratalia transversa Piwia
    BV126 Terebratalia transversa Piwia
    BV127 Terebratalia transversa Piwia
    BV128 Terebratalia transversa Hedgehog
    BV129 Terebratalia transversa Hedgehog
    BV130 Terebratalia transversa Hedgehog
    BV131 Terebratalia transversa Smoothened2
    BV132 Terebratalia transversa Smoothened2
    BV133 Terebratalia transversa Smoothened2
    BV134 Terebratalia transversa NK2.2
    BV135 Terebratalia transversa NK2.2
    BV136 Terebratalia transversa NK2.2
    BV137 Terebratalia transversa NK5
    BV138 Terebratalia transversa NK5
    BV139 Terebratalia transversa NK5
    BV140 Membranipora membranacea Runx
    BV141 Membranipora membranacea Runx
    BV142 Membranipora membranacea Runx

    05/05/12

    Sequencing PCR executed and samples sent to the sequencing facility.

    08/05/12

    Got the sequences back and they all look good and match the original sequence, except for TtPiwia, which hits Wnt1 and Wnt16. Since it is the second time I try to clone it I’ll probably re-do this gene from scratch.

     
  • Bruno Vellutini 18:00 on 2012/04/18 Permalink
    Tags: hedgehog, , , , , , , ,   

    Cloning Membranipora and Terebratalia piwi, nanos, vasa, hedgehog, smoothened, runx 


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    Running a PCR overnight to clone the following genes:

    Mm: Piwi1, Vasa, Runx
    Tt: Hedgehog, Smoothened, Piwia, Piwib, Vasa, Nanos.

    First time cloning Terebratalia genes.

    19/04/12

    Membranipora bands were ok and were purified directly (and ligated), but Terebratalia were too faint:

    For this reason I ran a re-PCR for Terebratalia genes.

    20/04/12

    For the re-PCR I diluted the PCR product of the first reaction 1:20 and used as a template for a regular PCR (without changing any parameters). The bands this time were stronger, except for Piwia. Since unwanted bands appeared I had to cut the gel, extract, and purify the DNA.

    Ligation was also set for these genes.

    21/04/12

    Heat shock transformation for all genes.

     
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